Chart: Americans' working hours at different income levels

Chart: Americans’ working hours at different income levels

Ranked: The most and least liveable cities in 2022

Pandemic restrictions have altered the livability of many urban centers around the world, as cultural sites have been closed, restaurants have been restricted and local economies have suffered the consequences. But as cities around the world return to the status quo, many of these urban centers have once again become desirable places to live.

This map uses annual rankings from the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) to show the world’s most livable cities, measuring different categories including: stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.

A quick note on methodology

The ranking attempts to assess which cities around the world offer the best living conditions, by assigning a score to 30 quantitative and qualitative measures in the five categories with the following weightings:

  1. Health (20%)
  2. Culture & Environment (25%)
  3. Stability (25%)
  4. Education (10%)
  5. Infrastructure (20%)

Of the 30 factors in these categories, qualitative factors are classified as acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable or intolerable by a team of expert analysts. Quantitative measures receive a score based on a number of external data points. Everything is then weighted to provide a score between 1 and 100, with 100 being ideal.

Ranked: The 10 most livable cities

Of the 172 cities included in the ranking, many of the most livable cities are in Europe. However, three of the top 10 are located in Canada: Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto.

Vienna has been ranked number one several times, most recently in 2019. According to the EIU, the Austrian capital only fell from the top spot during the pandemic years because its famous museums and restaurants were closed.

Rank Town Country Score
#1 vienna ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria 99.1
#2 Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark 98.0
#3 Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland 96.3
#3 Calgary ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada 96.3
#5 Vancouver ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada 96.1
#6 Geneva ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland 95.9
#seven Frankfurt ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany 95.7
#8 Toronto ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada 95.4
#9 amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands 95.3
#ten Osaka ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan 95.1
#ten melbourne ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia 95.1

Only one Asian city, Osaka, is in the top 10, tied with Melbourne for 10th place. Notably, not a single US city is in the top ranks.

Editor’s Note: Two cities are tied for #3 and #10, which means the โ€œtop 10โ€ list actually includes 12 cities.

Ranked: The 10 least livable cities

Some of the least livable cities in the world are located in Africa and Central Asia.

Rank Town Country Score
#163 Tehran iran 44.0
#164 Double A ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Cameroon 43.3
#165 Harare ๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ Zimbabwe 40.9
#166 Dhaka ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉBangladesh 39.2
#167 Port Moresby ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ Papua New Guinea 38.8
#168 Karachi ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ Pakistan 37.5
#169 Alger ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algeria 37.0
#170 Tripoli ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ Libya 34.2
#171 Lagos ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Nigeria 32.2
#172 Damascus ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Syria 30.7

Many of the least livable cities are in conflict zones, which contributes to the low ratings. However, these regions are also home to some of the fastest growing cities in the world, offering plenty of opportunities for ambitious residents.

Biggest Ranking Changes

Let’s take a look at the cities that have improved the most in the global rankings compared to last year’s data.

Up: The 10 Most Improved Cities

Town Country General classification Change of rank
Frankfurt ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany #seven +32
Hamburg ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany #16 +31
Dusseldorf ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany #22 +28
London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom #33 +27
Manchester ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom #28 +26
Paris ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡งFrance #19 +23
Brussels ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium #24 +22
amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands #9 +21
Athens ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece #73 +19
Angels ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ US #37 +18

Here’s a look at the cities that have fallen the most in the rankings since last year’s report.

Go Down: The 10 Cities That Collapsed

Town Country General classification Change of rank
Wellington ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand #50 -46
Auckland ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand #34 -33
Adelaide ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia #30 -27
Perth ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia #32 -26
Houston ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ US #56 -25
Reykjavรญk ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland #48 -25
Madrid ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain #43 -24
taipei ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ Taiwan #53 -20
Barcelona ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain #35 -19
Brisbane ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia #27 -17

According to the report, a number of cities in New Zealand and Australia temporarily dropped in the rankings due to COVID-19 restrictions.

It should also be noted that some cities in Eastern Europe have dropped in the rankings due to their proximity to the war in Ukraine. Finally, Kyiv was not included in this year’s report due to the conflict.

Urbanization and Habitability

In 2021, approximately 57% of the world’s population lives in urban centers and projections show that people around the world will continue to move to cities.

Although there are more facilities in urban areas, the pandemic has revealed many problems with urbanization and the concentration of large populations. The strain on health systems is felt most intensely in cities and restrictions on public outings are among the first measures to be introduced in the face of a global health crisis.

Today, with the rising cost of living, cities may face pressures on their quality of life and governments may be forced to cut spending on public services. Either way, people around the world continue to see the benefits of city living – it’s predicted that more than two-thirds of the world’s population will be living in cities by 2050.

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